Chandragupta Maurya Biography & Life story


Childhood and early life of Chandragupta Maurya

Chandragupta Maurya was born in 340 BC at Pataliputra in modern Bihar. His background, however, is uncertain. His father’s name was Sarvarthasiddhi Maurya and his mother’s name was Mura Maurya.

Some claim that he was born from a Nanda prince and his maid, Mura, the Shudra caste, others state that he belonged to a tribe from the Moriya of peacock-tamers.

Being a brave and determined leader since childhood. He was very well managed by Chanakya, a great Brahmin scholar of economics and the Department of Political Science at Takshashila University. Who later became his mentor.

Chandragupta Maurya’s wife Durdhara and children

The only person in Chandragupta’s queen or concerts for whom we have a name is the mother of his first son Binodar, Dujanedura. However, it was probably more concerts by Chandragupta.

According to legend, Chandragupta was worried that Chandragupta might be poisoned by enemies and began to have a toxic appetite for the emperor’s food in order to create a tolerance.

Chandragupta was unaware of the plan and share some of his food with his wife Durbar while she was pregnant with her first son. Durdhara died, but reached Chanka and underwent an emergency operation to remove the full-time baby. Baby Bindusara survived, but some of her mother’s venomous blood touched her forehead. leaving a blue dot – which inspired her name.

Very little is known about Chandragupta’s other wives and children and his son Bindusara. perhaps more memorable than his own kingdom than his son. He was the father of one of the greatest empires of India: Ashoka the Great.

Founder of the Mauryan Empire in 320 BC

Chandragupta Maurya was an Indian emperor in 320 BC who was the founder of the Maurya Empire. In an attempt to restore the Indian Empire after Alexander the Great of Macedonia in 326 BC. The empire quickly expanded into Pakistan in most of India’s modern era.

Fortunately, attacked by the high Hindu-Kush Mountains. Alexander’s army lost its will to conquer India at the Battle of Jhelum or on the River Hydapes.

Although the Macedonians made it through the Khyber Pass and defeated the modern-day Vera. The nearby King Purur (King Poros). the battle was almost impossible for Alexander’s troops.

When the victorious Macedonians heard that their next goal – the Nanda Empire – could conquer 6,000 battlefields, the soldiers revolted. Alexander the Great will not conquer the other side of the Ganges.

Although five years after Alexander’s retreat, the world’s greatest theorist refused to take his troops to the Nanda Empire. 20-year-old Chandragupta Maurya will achieve this wealth and India wants to combine almost everything right now. The young Indian Emperor Alexander’s successors will also come and conquer.

Overthrow of Nanda and establishment of Maurya Empire

Chandragupta was brave and stingy – a born leader. The young man came to the notice of a famous Brahmin scholar, Chanakya, who had expressed his anger against Nanda. Chandragupta prepared Chandragupta to conquer and rule in the place of the Nanda emperor by teaching him techniques through various Hindu sources and helping him to build an army.

Chandragupta buried himself in favor of a mountain kingdom – probably the same Paru who was defeated but deprived by Alexander – and came out to conquer Nanda. Initially, the warmer forces were revolt, but in a long series of battles, Chandragupta’s forces besieged the Nanda dynasty of Paltaliputra. In 321 AD, the capital declined, and 20-year-old Chandragupta Maurya started his own dynasty – the Maurya Empire.

Chandragupta’s new empire is located in Afghanistan on the west. Myanmar (Burma) on the east, and Deccan Plateau on the south from north Jammu and Kashmir. Chanakya served the government in parallel as a “prime minister”.

When Alexander the Great died in 323 BC, his generals divided his empire into enemies so that each of them had a territory to rule, but around 316 AD Chandragupta Maurya was defeated and was able to defeat all the hill kings. Central Asia now extends its empire to the borders of Iran, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan.

According to some sources. Chandragupta Maurya may have been instrumental in the assassination of two Macronian kings: Philip, son of Makhtas, and Niniikor of Parthian. If so, it was also a very growing law for Chandragupta. Philip was assassinated in 326 AD when the future ruler of the Mauryan Empire was still an anonymous teenager.

Disputes with South India and Persia

In 305 AD, Chandragupta decided to expand his empire to the Eastern Empire. At that time, Persia was the founder of the Seleucid Empire, Seleucus E. Nictor, and a former general secretary under Alexander. Chandragupta seized a large area of ​​eastern Persia and ended the war in a peace treaty. In return, Seleucus received 500 battlefields, which he made good use of in the battle of Ephesus in 301 AD.

As much as he could comfortably rule the area north and west, Chandragupta concentrated on the south after Maurya. With an army of 400,000 (according to Strabo) or 600,000 (according to Pliny the Elder). Chandragupta conquered all parts of the Indian subcontinent except Kalinga (now Orissa) on the east coast and the Tamil Empire south of the mainland.

Towards the end of his reign, Chandragupta Maurya united almost all the Indian subcontinents under his rule. His grandsons, Ashoka, went to add part of the Kalinga and Tamil empires.

Achievements of Chandragupta Maurya

He won most of the regions of the Indian subcontinent from Central Asia to the west, south-east, south of Burma, and the Himalayas in the Indian Deccan plateau extends to the history of the largest established the largest empire.

Chandragupta Maurya Death and inheritance

When he was in his fifties, Chandragupta became fascinated with Jainism, a highly monistic belief system. His guru was Zainulv Bhadrarahu. In 298 BC, the emperor abdicated, handing over power to his son Bindusara. He then traveled south from Karnataka with a caveat Shabnablogole. There, Chandragupta meditated without eating or drinking for five weeks, until he died of starvation in a habit called sallekhana or evening.

The kingdom founded by Chandragupta will rule India and South Asia until 185 AD and will follow in the footsteps of his grandson Ashoka Chandragupta in many ways a region conquered as a young man but became religious in his old age. In fact, in the history of Ashoka’s rule in India, Buddhism can be a pure manifestation of any government.

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