Many have become emperors by enslaving people, but today we will learn about a person who taught ordinary people how to break free from slavery. Today we will learn about the Bharat Ratna, the symbol of equality, BR Ambedkar, who drafted the constitution of this country, restoring the rights of the Dalits and the untouchables.BR Ambedkar’s full name is Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar. But this man who has done so many great deeds for the whole country does not seem to have been humiliated and deprived by society in the early days of his life and has moved forward forgetting all those insults.
Biography and birth of Dr Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar
Dr BR Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in a village called Mhow in the Indore district of Madhya Pradesh. Father name and Mother name of Dr Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar. Dr BR Ambedkar’s father’s name was Ramji Sakpal and Dr BR Ambedkar’s mother’s name was Bhimabai. Ramji Sakpal was serving the country from the then British Army in India and for good deeds and deeds, he was promoted to the rank of Subedar of the Army.
Education of BR Ambedkar
Ramji encouraged his son to work hard and study well from the very beginning. As a result, BR Ambedkar was very good in their studies from his childhood. Among the BR Ambedkar’s was the Mahar, a nation that was considered untouchable in India at that time. If a person of a lower caste accidentally touched an object of a higher caste person, it was considered unclean and the people of the lower caste would not remove it and reuse it.
Even low caste people could not study properly in school due to such bad thinking of the society. But fortunately, the then British government set up separate schools for the lower class people serving in the army and this allowed Ambedkar to start his primary education. Despite being very good at schooling, Ambedkar and all his classmates were placed separately outside the schoolroom or in any corner of the room. Even the schoolteachers paid no heed to them and looked down on them for being inferior.
They did not even have the right to drink water from the school tap. The school clerk would come and pour water on them from a distance and if there was no clerk they would have to stay without drinking water. In such a complex situation in India at that time, no boy from a lower caste wanted to go to school and even if he was admitted to school.
He would drop out of school in a very short period of time due to insults and rude behaviour.
After retiring from the Indian Army in 1894, Ramji Sakpal moved with his family to a village called Satara in Maharashtra. Within two years of coming to Satara, BR Ambedkar’s mother Bhima Bai died. Her PC Mira Bai then takes care of them in difficult situations. Of the 14 children of Ramji Sakpal and Bhima Bai, only three sons, Anandrao and Bhimrao, and three daughters Manjula, Ganga and Tulsi survived the ordeal. Of the six siblings, only Bhimrao managed to study by enduring all the insults and humiliations of the Ambedkarite society.
Ambedkar Primary Education
In 1897, Ambedkar was admitted to Elphinstone High School in Bombay and was the first lower caste student of that school.
In 1907, BR Ambedkar passed the high school examination. As a result, a wave of happiness spread among his people. Because it was a big deal to pass the high school exams at that time, again from a lower caste. Achieving this success, Arjun Keluskar BR Ambedkar provided his own book in the form of a biography of Gautam Buddha.
Ambedkar Higher Education
He then broke all records of BR Ambedkar and obtained his BA degree in Economics and Politics in 1912. After receiving a scholarship in 1913, he moved to America for post-graduation. He received his MA from Columbia University in 1915. In 1916 he received a PhD for research. He published his research in the book “Evolution of Province Finance in British India”.
After receiving his doctorate, he moved to London in 1916. He started studying law at the London School of economics and started researching economics. But he was forced to come to India, stopping his studies and research halfway through to end the scholarship period the following year. After that, he did many jobs like Clerk and Accountant.
Who is BR Ambedkar wife?
Ramabai Ambedkar is the wife of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. She died in 1935.
He then returned to England in 1920 with the money he had saved and the help of a friend.
In 1923 he completed his research “Problems of the rupee”. For his research, the University of London awarded him the title of Doctor of Science.
He then returned to India and devoted his entire life to the service of Indians.
BR Ambedkar Political life
He joined several independence movements in India. He wrote several books on the social development of the Dalit people and the independence of India, which had a profound effect on Indian society at that time. In 1926 he became a member of the Bombay Legislative Assembly.
On 13th October 1935, BR Ambedkar became the Principal of Government Law College and held the post for two years. Ambedkar founded the Independent Labor Party in 1936 and won 15 seats in the 1937 assembly elections. He published a number of controversial books between 1941 and 1945. One of these books was “Thoughts on Pakistan” where he strongly criticized the establishment of a separate state for Muslims. Dr BR Ambedkar had a different view of India. He wanted to see an independent India as an independent. For this, he publicly criticized all the leaders who were in favour of dividing India.
Constitution of India
After India’s independence on 15 August 1947, BR Ambedkar became the first Law Minister of India. He enacted new laws for India which were promulgated across the country on 26 January 1950 as the Constitution of India. The Reserve Bank of India was created following his judgment.
B R Ambedkar Jayanti
14th April Dr. B R Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated on the occasion of B R Ambedkar’s birthday.
Achievements of Dr. BR Ambedkar
1. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the first Indian to get a Ph.D. degree in Economics from abroad.
2. He is the father of the Indian Constitution.
List of books written by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
Dr. BR Ambedkar wrote many books. Here is a list of his famous 20 books:
1. Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development in 1916,
2. Mook Nayak (weekly) in 1920,
3. The Problem of the Rupee: Its origin and its solution in 1923,
4. Bahishkrut Bharat (India Ostracized) in 1927,
5. Janta (weekly) in 1930,
6. The Annihilation of Caste in 1936,
7. Federation Versus Freedom in 1939,
8. Thoughts on Pakistan in 1940,
Ranade, Gandhi and Jinnah in 1943,
10. Mr. Gandhi and the Emancipation of Untouchables in 1943,
11. What Congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables in 1945,
12. Pakistan Or Partition Of India in 1945,
State and Minorities in 1947,
14. Who were the Shudras in 1948,
15. Maharashtra as a Linguistic Province in 1948,
16. The Untouchables in 1948,
17. Buddha Or Karl Marx in 1956,
18. The Buddha and his Dhamma in 1957,
19. Riddles in Hinduism,
20. Manu and the Shudras.
Death of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
Ambedkar had been suffering from diabetes since 1948. He was bedridden from June to October 1954 due to physical deterioration and lost his sight. Due to political reasons, he became increasingly bitter, which led to his death. Throughout 1955, his condition worsened as he worked harder. After writing the last manuscript of the book “Buddha and His Religion” for three days in a row, it is said that he fell asleep on December 6, 1956, in his own home in Delhi.
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