In the nineteenth century, many great people were born in Bengal in India. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was one of them. His contribution to education and social reforms in Bangladesh is outstanding. Ishwara Chandra Vidyasagar possesses rare qualities.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Early life
Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was born on September 26, 1820, in the village of Bir Singh in the Medinipur district of West Bengal. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s father’s name is Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay, and his mother’s name is Bhagwati Devi. His mother, Bhagwati, was also a modern thinker in that superstitious age.
Their family’s reputation for scholarship dates back to that time. The financial situation was not good at all. Due to financial instability, his father, Thakurdas, had to leave Bir Singh village and go to Calcutta to earn money. There he was employed in writing a merchant’s account for a nominal salary. By his devotion to justice, perseverance, perseverance, and independence, Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay was able to one day establish himself in society. These qualities of the father later developed to the full extent of the son Ishwar Chandra.
Ishwar Chandra’s morale was immense and robust; even he was in severe poverty. In his childhood, Ishwar Chandra was a very talented student. There is a story about how talented he was. He went to Calcutta with his father at a young age. On the way, I learned English counting by counting the number of milestones.
Education of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
He was never a disadvantage in the education and regulation of the elementary schools of the village. After completing his schooling at the village, he came to Calcutta with his father from his village home at the age of eight. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar used to live with his father in Bhagwat Singh’s house in the big market area of Kolkata and studied for a year in the schoolhouse of Shiv Charan Mallick.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Higher Education
Then on June 1, 1829, he was admitted to the Government Sanskrit College, Calcutta. After studying with boundless diligence and dedication, he introduced achievements in the school exams and received a monthly stipend of Tk. The fondness for his studies remains legendary today.
He could not stand in the house due to a lack of oil and could study under the gas lamp. He used to stand by the side of the path and do daily reading till night. In the endless hardship, she had to attend school. After completing grammar lessons at Sanskrit College, Ishwar Chandra started studying English classes.
Ishwar Chandra completed literary classes from 1833 to 1835. He was educated in the literary class by Jyo Gopal Tarkalanka, a teacher. Vidyasagar took first place in the annual examination at Sanskrit College and introduced the achievement again. In 1835, Vidyasagar has admitted to the ornamental category.
In this class, he studied for one year. He got a lot of reputations and prizes for the first time in the final exam. He then joined the Vedanta class. In this category, he also identifies achievements. Then he has admitted to the memory class. In this class, he showed extraordinary success after studying for 12 years at a Sanskrit college, he achieved scholarship in bacon, poetry, ornamentation, Vedanta, memory, and astrology.
Vidyasagar passe the Hindu Law Committee Examination in 1839, and the title “Vidyasagar” was used before his name in the testimonial at the end of the examination.The title of Vidyasagar was only for him.
Wife of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Vidyasagar was married in 1835 at the age of just 15 years. At that time, there was a custom of marrying at an early age. At that time, there was no question of being self-sufficient or an adult. Vidyasagar’s wife’s name was Dinamayi Devi.
Career of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar began his career on December 21, 1841, at the age of 21. At that time, he took over as head scholar of the Bangla department at Fort William College. He also served as a school inspector. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar couldn’t get such a prominent position at such a young age. That was possible with the solemn interest, effort, and particular recommendation of Mr GT Marshall, the secretary of the college. Vidyasagar joined the Sanskrit College in 1846 after teaching for five years at Fort William College. At that time, the secretary of the college was Rasheed Dutt. After accepting his job, he took over the responsibility of the whole world. He retired from his father’s job and sent him to a village home.
He then brought his younger brother to Calcutta to study with him.
In his relatives, many students studied in his residence. His workplace continued to improve. Recognizing his intelligence and scholarship, he rose to assistant professor, professor, and later of the Sanskrit College.
In 1846 Vidyasagar submitted a valuable report to the authorities for the provision of improvement of the education system. Her disagreement with Secretary Dutta came up in the matter. Because of this disagreement, he resigned as Principal of the Sanskrit College and returned to Fort William College on July 16, 1847.
The Sanskrit College authorities will soon realize their mistake. They came and requested Ishwar Chandra to go back to Sanskrit College. He was given the condition that he would be given free access to the reform of the education system of Sanskrit College and the restructuring of the college. As a result, in December 1850, he was appointed professor of literary culture at the college. On January 22, 1851, he has appointed a new principal. After that, he made extensive reforms in the education system of Sanskrit College. English education has made compulsory during his tenure.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Composition
After entering his career, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s literary works began. He signed a remarkable achievement in literature.
Soon after retiring from his job, he concentrated solely on the pursuit of literature.
While serving as Principal, he lacks the quality textbooks in Bangla.
During this time, he wrote many Bangla prose books. It was in his hands that Bangla prose found its way.
For this reason, he was the father of Bengali prose.
The poet Rabindranath Tagore described Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar as the father of Bangla prose literature.
Vidyasagar translated many books from Sanskrit, Hindi, and English into Bengali.
His translated books, the story of Sita’s Barnabas, Vrunti Bilas, Betal Panchbishanti, and Kathamala is .
Apart from these, the first and second parts of the spectrum of his writings, Bododaya and Akhya Granthya are still essential elements of early Bengali language.
His comprehension is intended to teach Sanskrit College, which unique in the current Bengali literature.
Shakuntala, a poem by the poet Kalidas, wrote the Bangla prose Shakuntala,
In the follow-up to Shakespeare’s play Comedy of Errors, Vrishti Bilas wrote
Sita Barnabas wrote stories from the Ramayana.
He is acceptable to Bangla speakers for his literary pursuit for ages, but he is also an unequivocally courageous social reformer.
And that is why all will him in Hindu society.
Corrective work ishwar chandra
Expansion of wife education and establishment of various school colleges
Along with her literary and social reforms, she has also made an outstanding contribution to the expansion of women’s education.
The reformation of Sanskrit education, the foundation of Bengali education, and the emergence and promotion of women’s education are enduring achievements.
He established many school colleges to spread education.
In 1849, with the help of a few wealthy and educated people of the country and the initiative of Bethune Sahib, the spread of women’s education started in Calcutta.
Under the patronage of the little Frederick Herde, he established many girls’ schools in various places of Medinipur, Bardhaman, Hooghly and Nadia districts.
Vidyasagar established 20 model schools and 35 girls’ schools to spread education.
Vidyasagar respected his mother as a goddess. He would abruptly fulfill his mother’s wishes.
He established the village’s charitable dispensary, the schools as the mother desired.
The story of Vidyasagar’s patriarchy is very much a legend. It’s learned that after receiving the letter of the marriage of the younger brother, he obtained leave of Mother William from Principal of Fort William College to ask for consent.
When the English overseer did not want to leave, he expressed his desire to quit his job, saying it was impossible to disobey the protective order. Later, on his leave, he left for his house at night.
Damodar river on the way, no boat was found to cross the river due to inclement weather. Then he crossed the river and came home. Such was his motherly devotion.
Vidyasagar voluntarily retired from the Principal of Sanskrit College of 500 monthly salaries and other government posts on November 3, 1858, due to a dispute with the authorities
Creating Educational Institutions
In 1856 Vidyasagar joined the Siddharbodini Sabha.
In 1859 he played a special role in establishing the Calcutta Training School.
1864 this institution was renamed as the Hindu Metropolitan Institution. Vidyasagar became his secretary.
In 1872 it was converted into a second class and in 1879 a first class college.
Currently, this college is name Vidyasagar College Vidyasagar College.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was deeply sadden by the latter’s misery.
The great poet Michael Madhusudan Dutt He helps with a lot of money at various times. The poet Nabin Chandra Sen also studied at a young age in the sense of Vidyasagar.
Vidyasagar loved to live a simple life. The only dress was in white linen with thick sheets and thick shoes.
Among the notable achievements of Vidyasagar are the social reforms.
The widow passed the marriage law
He began to answer the question in favour of widow marriage in January 1885, presenting scriptural evidence for widow marriage and wrote a book on whether widow marriage should take place.
The Hindu conservative society became increasingly vocal in opposition to widow marriage.
In October 1855 he published another book called “Same Vein” to respond to the toothlessness of the anti-extremist activities.
On October 4, 1855, he submitted an application to the then British Government of India for the passing of the Widow Marriage Act.
He also attached a draft of the Widow’s Marriage Act with the application form.
Opposition camps, led by King Radhakant Deb, also filed a reverse application to the government.
On 17 November 1855 the draft was presented to the Government of India Council.
After deep judicial analysis, the draft Widow Marriage Act was adopted by the Governing Body.
185 Other social reform works
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was one of the founding members of Kolkata University. He formed the Hindu Family’s gratuity fund to help poor women through their services. He has always fought indifferently against superstition, religious bigotry, and fanaticism. The 26th prize and honour of the 26th In recognition of his vast and varied career, Vidyasagar was elect a member of the Royal Asiatic Society of England in 1864. In 1880, the Government of India awarded him the title of CIE. It became law with the consent of the Governor-General.
Death of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Due to hard work, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s health gradually collapsed. In his last life, he spent his life in Karamat in Bihar. The sedentary lifestyle of the Santals fascinated him. Seeing their informed condition, he established a school for them. This great Vidyasagar passed away on July 29, 1891, at the age of 71.
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