Kazi Nazrul Islam Biography in English

Kazi Nazrul Islam image/readbiography
Kazi Nazrul Islam

Kazi Nazrul Islam is a wonderful genius of Bengali literature. He has a free movement in every field of literature like poetry, plays, and novels. He used to write songs himself, give the melodies of those songs as well as sing songs. As well as being a journalist, Penn also took part in various movements for political rights. He is described as a “rebellious poet” for his stand against bigotry, superstition, sectarianism, and subjugation.

Early Life of Kazi Nazrul Islam

The rebellious poet Kazi Nazrul was born on 24 May 1899 in the village of Churulia in the Asansol subdivision of Burdwan district. His father’s name was Kazi Faqeer Ahmed and his mother’s name were Zaheda Khatun. The poet was their sixth child.

His father was the imam of a local mosque in Asansol and his mother was an ordinary housewife. Kazi Ali Hossain was the youngest of Nazrul’s three brothers and Kazi Sahebjan was the eldest of the two sisters. As a child, his nickname was “Dukhu Mia” which later became his pseudonym in the literary world.

His family situation was not very good from the beginning He spent his childhood, adolescence, and youth in extreme poverty

But in the midst of this boundless family misery, he continued to practice Bengali poetry and literature all his life. No constraint could ever hold him back.

Kazi Nazrul Islam
Kazi Nazrul Islam

Education Life of Kazi Nazrul Islam

He started his education at a religious school run by a mosque in the village. There he began to study the Qur’an, Islam, philosophy, and Islamic theology

Later, his father Kazi Fakir Ahmed died in 1908 He was only nine years old at the time. After the death of his father, his education was disrupted due to a lack of family and he had to go down to earn a living when he was only ten years old.

At that time he passed the lower secondary examination from the maktab and started teaching in that maktab and then at the same time he worked as a servant of the grave of Haji Paloyan and azandata of the mosque.

Through these teachings, he became acquainted with the basic rituals of Islam at an early age, which later helped to embody the Islamic tradition in Bengali literature and music.

But the poet could not do that for a long time After doing these things for a short time, he gave up all those works and joined a traveling theater troupe in the Radha region of Bengal to establish himself as an artist.

He used to go to different places with that group and learn an acting, song, and dance from them He also sometimes wrote songs and poems for plays thinking of their help.

Let me tell you one thing here that Kazi Nazrul Islam did not study only the scriptures of Islam; He also studied Hindu mythology and scriptures He respected both religions equally He had no religion, big or small

Maybe that’s why we find a combination of the two religions in his poetry, plays, and songs

Anyway, come back to the previous words!

He composed a lot of folk music while he was in the theatre Some of which are- Data Karna, Poet Kalidas, Akbar Badshah, Prince’s Song, Meghnad Badh, Vidyabhutum etc. Nazrul Islam also composed a lot of Shyama music about the Hindu goddess Kali at that time For which many Muslims called him an infidel.

Kazi Nazrul Islam once said, “I just tried to shake hands with Hindus and Muslims, to turn swearing into hugs.”

In 1910, Nazrul Islam returns to education He first admitted to Raniganj Searsol Raj School. and later to Mathrun High English School Today, however, Mathrun High English School is known as the “Navin Chandra Institution”

But even after attending those schools. he could not study in any of them for long Financial problems became the biggest obstacle for him to study there So after studying till class six, he has to go back to work.

Kazi Nazrul Islam

Soldier Life of Kazi Nazrul Islam

From the end of 1917 to 1920. Kazi Nazrul served in the British Army for about two and a half years. He first went to Fort William in Calcutta and later to Nowshera Province in present-day Pakistan for training.

Then when his training over, he started spending his life as a soldier in Karachi Cantonment. It is said that he learn Persian from the Punjabi clerics of the regiment, practised music with his musical comrade in local and foreign musical instruments and at the same time practised literature equally.

Sitting in that cantonment of Karachi. he wrote all the prose and poems of Baundul like an autobiography, liberation, pain donation, sleep deprivation and so on. Despite working in a cantonment so far away. he was a reader and a subscriber to various literary magazines in Calcutta.

Some of his favorite literary journals were Prabasi, Bharati, Marmmabani and Bangiya Muslim Sahitya Patrika respectively. Finally, after the end of World War I in 1920, he left the army and returned to Calcutta.

Career of Kazi Nazrul Islam

Returning to Calcutta, Kazi Nazrul Islam began his literary and journalistic career at the same time His first refuge in Calcutta was at the office of the Bengal Muslim Literary Society at 32 College Street. He did a lot of work with Muzaffar Ahmed, one of the officials of that association

Then when his newly written novels ‘Bandhan-Hara’ and ‘Bodhan’, ‘Shat-il-Arab’ and ‘Badal Prater Sharab’ are poems; When Moslem Bharat, Bengali Muslim Sahitya Patrika, Upasana etc. were publish in all the famous magazines, it created a stir in the field of Bengali literature.

It is known that in October 1921, Nazrul Islam went to Santiniketan in Bolpur to meet Rabindranath. Diameter! From then until 1941, that is, about twenty years, the communication and intimacy between these two major poets of Bengal remained intact. It is said that they had a deep respect for each other and sometimes discuss the politics and literature of that time.


Marriage Life of Kazi Nazrul Islam

Once in 1921, the poet Nazrul Islam went to the house of Birjasundari Devi in ​​Comilla with Ali Akbar Khan, the publisher of the book of Muslim Sahitya Samiti. And there he saw Premila Devi for the first time He later fell in love with her and later tied the knot

But before that Nazrul got married to Ali Akbar Khan’s sister-in-law Nargis Asar Khanum After the marriage. Ali Akbar Khan gave her a condition to stay as a housewife, which she did not accept at all.

Finally, before the completion of the basar. the poet left Nargis and went to the house of Birjasundari Devi in ​​Comilla. At that time he was very ill and it was Pramila Devi who took care of him and healed him.

When Pramila Devi and Nazrul Islam had children, the poet himself named their children in both Bengali and Arabic. His children are named Krishna Muhammad, Arindam Khaled, Kazi Sabyasachi, and Kazi Aniruddha respectively.

Death of Kazi Nazrul Islam

Exactly a few years after the marriage, the physical condition of the rebellious poet Kazi Nazrul Islam began to deteriorate. But even then, his illness often cured under the supervision of doctors

But when the poet fell ill again in 1942. it was no longer possible for him to recover as he had lost his speech and lost his mental balance.

That is why the poet was sent to a mental hospital in Ranchi in 1952. He was there for four months, but his mental state did not improve

After many treatments like this, it was finally discovered that the poet had a neurological. the problem in his brain and that problem could not be fixed by the current medical system. He will never be able to recover.

Kazi Nazrul Islam
Kazi Nazrul Islam

After the independence of Bangladesh, on 24 May 1972, with the permission of the Government of India. Nazrul was brought to Bangladesh with his family. The poet then spent the rest of his life in Bangladesh and in 1976. He and his family were granted Bangladeshi citizenship.

Finally, after a long illness, he died on August 29, 1976, the same year.    

kazi Nazrul Islam love quotes


You’re so beautiful, dear, is that my fault? Some moons do not say chakorini crying on the moon


When he goes to the country, the rain does not fall, he does not cry, his soul is alone in the house, there is no pain of separation, he does not play the flute on the bank of the river.


The moon‘s lost, the moon face is in the mirror of its mustard, the small wave breaks the desire, it is in the limb.


Never won alone, the sword of men; Inspired, empowered, victorious women


Great children are anxious to play in this world. The cataclysm then the puppet play in solitude the Lord in solitude.


What I said in the dream is gone, so I woke up and cried and cried and cried and cried and cried and cried.


Love has no meaning or quantity


Bury me next to the mosque, brother, so that I can hear the call of the muezzin from Gore.


Brother, I have not heard any lie. There is no temple or Kaaba bigger than this heart


Don’t be afraid, don’t be afraid of the scribes, they are not God’s ‘private secretaries’.

Read Biography of Rabindranath Tagore

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