Mahatma Gandhi Biography father of nation Gandhiji life history

Mahatma Gandhi image/readbiography/Image taken from Google
Mahatma Gandhi

Birth and family identity

Mahatma Gandhi‘s full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat M K Gandhi’s father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi

According to the custom of the time, Gandhi’s father had four marriages. Little did Karamchand Gandhi himself know that one day Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the son of his fourth wife, would make a name for himself and his family in the pages of history.

Mahatma Gandhi’s mother’s name was Putli Bay

Gandhiji’s mother spent her entire life in religious activities. Never in his life did he focus on worldly things. He spent most of his time in temples and housework. In reality she was a spiritual woman devoted to her family. Serving the patient, vows, worship was his daily life practice.

From an early age, Gandhiji was brought up in an environment of peace and religion. He was a vegetarian. Like her mother, she was a believer in a way of life such as non-violence, vows, fasting, etc., by which the mind could be kept pure.

Early life and education

This time I will tell you about the early life and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.

Mohandas completed his primary education in a very complicated situation due to lack of adequate education facilities in Porbandar. He learns the alphabet by running his fingers on the ground. Later, fortunately, his father Karamchand Gandhi became the ‘Divan’ of Rajkot. As a result, his problems were greatly reduced.

Mahatma Gandhi won many awards in his school life.

In 1887, Gandhiji passed the matriculation examination from the University of Bombay and was admitted to Bhavnagar Shyamal Das College. There he left his mother tongue Gujarati and learned English. For which he has to face many problems to understand the lectures of the professors.

Gandhiji’s family was very worried about his future. Because he wanted to be a doctor.

But he could not work as a doctor because he was a Vaishnava.

He was told by his family that according to family tradition, he should join any high office in Gujarat. For this, he has to be a barrister.

Mahatma Gandhi was not very satisfied with his studies at Shyamaldas College.

He was overjoyed to hear that he had to go to England to become a barrister.

His family property was very small and his mother was afraid to go abroad.

But Gandhiji was adamant in his words. His brothers arranged for him to go to London.

In September 1888 he sailed for England. Ten days after arriving in England, he admits to Landon Law College.

Mahatma Gandhi first case in advocacy

After returning to India from England in 1891, he began to take his place in advocacy.

He became very nervous in his first case. When the witness has time to question, his head goes blank. He could not question the witness for being nervous and walked out of the court. For which Gandhiji refunded the full fees to his client. In other words, like us, he also failed for the first time. But he did not stop for this failure.

Gandhi‘s Journey to South Africa

He practiced law in India for some time. He then received a one-year legal service contract in South Africa.

In April 1893, he sailed for South Africa. There he had to face the caste system.

In Darwin’s courtroom, he was asked to open his turban. But he disagreed. As a result, he had to leave the courtroom.

Mahatma Gandhi image/readbiography/Image taken from Google
Mahatma Gandhi

Establishment of Netal Indian Congress

In 1894, he founded the National Indian Congress to fight apartheid.

After his one-year contract expired, he began preparations to return to India. But before that, the National Assembly deprived Indians of the right to vote.

Gandhiji’s comrades along with him continued to fight against the British government. In this way, he gradually brought the issue to the notice of everyone on the international stage.

During the war, he helped the British government from South Africa.

According to him, Indians and the British government should be helped to get citizenship in the British Empire.

Satyagraha movement

While in South Africa, he marched for the honor of citizenship. He called his non-violent movement Satyagraha.

He spent some time in prison in South Africa.

There are many cases where he helped the British government.

In 1966, Gandhiji started the first non-cooperation movement of his life.

The reason for this movement was against the ban imposed on Indians present in South Africa. One of them was the British government’s refusal to accept Hindu marriages.

After many years of the movement, the British government imprisoned several Indians, including Gandhiji.

Eventually, under intense pressure, the British government was force to compromise with Gandhiji.

The agreement recognized Hindu marriage in South Africa and abolished a special tax imposed on Indians.

Mahatma Gandhi image/readbiography/Image taken from Google
Mahatma Gandhi

After that Gandhiji returned to India.

Champaran movement

In 1918, Gandhiji led the Champaran movement against the English zamindars.

At that time indigo was cultivated. The English zamindars forced the Indian farmers to cultivate indigo and imposed various rules on them. As a result the peasants started a movement against the British zamindars.

The peasants prayed to Gandhiji for help in this movement and asked him to lead the movement.

As a result, a non-violent movement was started.

Gandhiji won this movement.

Khera satyagraha

In 1918 it seems to be in a place called Khera and a lot of crops were lost. As a result, farmers needed tax breaks.

Gandhiji started the non-violent movement again. He gained huge public support in the Kheda movement.

Finally, in May 1918, the British government waived the tax on farmers.

In this way Gandhiji continued various movements against the British government.

Khilafah movement

In 1919, Gandhiji felt that the Congress was weakening. He tried to force the British to leave India by Hindu-Muslim unity. For this, he went to the Muslim community.

The Khilafat movement was an all-India movement. Mahatma Gandhi held a conference of the Muslim community of the whole country. Muslims were helped a lot in this movement. Gandhiji’s efforts made him the leader of the state. As a result of this movement, he took a special place in Congress.

But in 1922 the Khilafah movement came to a complete halt.

Gandhiji then fought for Hindu-Muslim Unity all his life. But the distance between Hindus and Muslims continues to grow.

Non-cooperation movement

The British government passed the Roulatt Act of 1919 to deal with various movements.

During this time Gandhiji organized several meetings. One such meeting was held in the Amritsar region of Punjab.

But this peaceful meeting was ruthlessly suppress by the British government known as the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

In protest of the assassination, Rabindranath Tagore relinquished his knighthood to the British government.

Mahatma Gandhi started the non-cooperation movement in 1920 in protest of this assassination. The aim of this movement was to prevent the Indians from helping the British. This movement was being made non-violent.

The incident of Chaurichaura

Some people were marching peacefully at Chauri Chaura in Uttar Pradesh. But the English soldiers fired on them. Which resulted in the death of some people.

In protest, some people set fire to the police station in anger and 22 policemen were kill.

Gandhiji, the worshiper of non-violence, stopped the movement because of this violent movement. His statement was that there should be no violent activities during the entire movement.

Mahatma Gandhi image/readbiography/Image taken from Google
Mahatma Gandhi

Dundee movement

In 1930 he politely started the contempt movement. This movement is known as Salt Satyagraha Movement or Dandi Movement or Dandi March or Civil Disobedience Movement.

The main purpose of this movement was to disobey any law made by the British government. As the British government made a law that no one should make salt.

On 12th March 1930, he set out for Dundee to disobey the law. When he reached Dundee, he did the same to the people. Thus the movement was carried out peacefully.

Many freedom fighters were arrest by the British government during the Dundee movement.

Quit India Movement (1942)

The 1940s slowly created fierce anger in the minds of the people against the fearful government. Gandhiji decided to take advantage of this anger of the common people.

In 1942, he started the Quit India Movement.

All these movements so far had more influence than the net which suppressed it became a challenge to the British government.

The social life of Gandhiji, the worshiper of non-violence

Gandhiji’s social life was very simple and full of high judgment. People used to call him Mahatma because of his nature.

He was a big supporter of the republic.

His two main tools were truth and non-violence. With these two tools, he liberated India from British rule.

Gandhiji’s personality was such that once someone mingled with him, he could not have remained unaffected by Gandhiji.

Gandhiji tried hard to remove the instability of the society. He named the backward nation Harijan after God. He spent his life trying to save the backward nation.

Gandhiji’s various titles

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose called Gandhiji the Father of the Nation.

Rabindranath Tagore gave the title of Mahatma to Mata Gandhiji.

Churchill (Winston Churchill, 1931) called Gandhi a fakir.

Frank Mores used to call Gandhiji a half-naked saint.

In India, Mahatma Gandhi is called the Father of the Nation (Jatir Janak Mahatma Gandhi in Bengali).

Patra Patrika edited by Gandhiji

Indian Opinion (1903-15) – in English, Hindi, Gujarati, and Telugu.

Harijan (Harijan 1919-31) – in English, Gujarati, and Hindi.

Young India – in English and Gujarati.

Books written by Gandhiji

Hind Swaraj

What is the name of the autobiography of Mahatma Gandhi?

Mahatma Gandhi’s autobiography “My experiments with truth”

Mahatma Gandhi image/readbiography/Image taken from Google
Mahatma Gandhi

Death of Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi died on 30th January 1948

Nathuram Godse shot and killed Gandhiji. The last word that came out of his mouth was “Hey Ram”.

Gandhiji was buried in Rajkot, Delhi.

Mahatma Gandhi Quote on Education


No one can hurt me without my permission.


You can keep me in chains, you can hurt me, you can ruin my body, but you can never keep my mind captive.


The best way to know yourself is to devote yourself to the service of others.


A little practice is better than more advice.


Man is an animal created by his thoughts, he becomes what he thinks he is.


Live in such a way that you will die tomorrow. Learn in such a way that you will live forever.


He who is weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is a sign of strength.


First, they will wait for you, then they will make fun of you, then they will fight you, then you will be victorious.


The eyes will blind the whole world instead of the eyes.


Wherever there is love, there is life. Be yourself the change you want everyone in the world to see.

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