Rabindranath Tagore Biography-Early Life, Family, Education

Rabindranath Tagore image/readbiography.co/Photos were taken from Google
Rabindranath Tagore

   If anyone is the greatest in the Bengali literature world, then it is our favourite Rabindranath Tagore. All the beautiful poems and songs he wrote, every Bengali even today is equally fascinated. He was a great storyteller, but he was also a novelist, musician, playwright, painter, director, actor, vocalist and philosopher.

Early Life of Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 7, 1861, at Jorasanko Thakurbari in Kolkata, West Bengal. His father’s name was Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, a devout Guru of the Brahmo Society, and his mother was Sardasundari Devi.

You may be surprised to know that Rabindranath was but his parents’ 14th child. The names of all his brothers and sisters were, – Dwijendranath, Ganendranath, Satyendranath, Hemendranath, Birendra, Saudamini, Jyotirindranath, Sukumari, Pendra, Sharatkumari, Barnakumari, Soumendra and Soumendra.

Then in 1875, when Rabindranath was only fourteen years old, his mother finally died. After the death of his wife, Debendranath Tagore did not stay in Jorasanko’s house. He used to spend most of the year outside Kolkata, as a tourist. Earlier, Rabindranath’s Childhood has spent in the discipline of servants

Education of Rabindranath Tagore

As a child, Rabindranath taught for a few days in various schools in Kolkata The schools which were name – Oriental Seminary, Normal School, Bengal Academy and St Xavier’s Collegiate.

But even after attending so many prestigious schools, he could not stay in any school for long, the main reason behind this was his disregard for his schooling that this practice of teaching the students in a closed environment of the four walls of the school did not attract him to study at all.

That is why, afterward, his education has arranged by teaching a housekeeper to school in his home’s open environment.

His strange behavior arises from his love of nature. It is that in Childhood, he was more comfortable walking around in the natural environment in the house of Jorasanko or the gardens of Bolpur and Panihati. At that time, nature was the main attraction of his life.

Then in 1887, Rabindranath Tagore went to England to study the barrister. He also attended a public school in Brighton. In 1879 he started studying law at University College London, but due to his fascination with literature, he could not finish his studies.

Rabindranath Tagore image/readbiography.co/Photos were taken from Google
Rabindranath Tagore

Marriage of Rabindranath Tagore

After returning home from England, on December 9, 1883, Rabindranath was married to Bhavatrini, the daughter of a subordinate of Thakurbari, named Benjimahd Raichoudhuri. At the time of marriage, Bhavatrini was renamed, and her name was changed to Mrinalini Devi.

Later, Mrinalini Devi and Rabindranath had a total of five children. Their names were Madhurilata (1886–1918), Rathindranath (1888–1961), Renuka (1891–1903), Mira (1894–1969) and Shamindranath (1896–1907).

But, Renuka and Shamindranath died at an early age.

Career of Rabindranath Tagore

In 1877, at the age of 16, Rabindranath published some essential works in the Bharatiya Period. They were the verses of Bhanusingh Thakur, criticism of the Meghnadbhadha poem and two beautiful short stories Vikharini and Karuna. Of these, the titles of Bhanusingh Tagore are most popular.

Then, in 1878, Rabindranath’s first poem, “Kabikahini,” was published. He later wrote another poem, “Evening Songs.” His famous poem, “The Disappeared Dream,” belonged to this poem.

Then after composing a poem “Evening Song,” he wrote Morning Song, Mansi (1890), Sonar Tari (1894), Chitra (1896), Chaitali (1896), Kalpana (1900) and Kanishika (1900), offering (1901), Khaya ( 1906), Gitanjali (1910), Gitimalai (1914) and Gitali (1914), Balaka (1916), Shyamoli (1936).

One of Rabindranath’s best-known books is Gitanjali, for which he gained immense popularity worldwide. And for this poem, he also won the Nobel Prize in 1913.

He was a talented writer who spread a vast array of Bangle essays, poems, short stories. Through his literary works, he has a clear idea about the various issues of society, politics, religion, literature, history, linguistics, poetry, music etc.

He was not limited to just writing poetry, songs, plays, short stories or novels. He was equally adept at writing various biographical and travel stories. Some of his most famous autobiographical books are Jeeves Smriti (1912), Childhood (1940) and Self-Identity (1943).

Rabindranath Tagore image/readbiography.co/Photos were taken from Google
Rabindranath Tagore

Establishment of Santiniketan & World Bharti

Maharshi Debendranath Tagore bought a colossal land many years ago at Santiniketan, Bolpur. There he established an ashram in 1888 and a Brahma temple in 1891

Rabindranath wanted to build a learning center on his father’s purchased land. He first found a school ‘Pathan Bhavan,’ which was quite different from all the other schools. Because that school was under a tree under an utterly open sky

Later, after receiving the Nobel Prize in 1913, he turned the school into a university to expand it. The one he then named was “Vishvabharati” which was established in 1921

In 1924, he found another educational centre, an “education session,” to educate people who were left behind. He started this institution with only seven students.

World Tour of Rabindranath Tagore

During his lifetime Rabindranath Tagore traveled abroad a total of 12 times. He went to more than thirty countries on a total of five continents between 1878 and 1932. He traveled to Europe and the United States again from 1920 to 1921. Rabindranath went to China in 1924, then moved to Japan to deliver anti-nationalism speeches.

Sunitikumar Chattopadhyay, along with his four companions accompanied by Rabindranath, travelled to Southeast Asia in 1927. Then he moved to Switzerland, Soviet Russia, the United States, France, Germany, Iraq and Persia. The trip to Sri Lanka in 1934 was a foreign trip to the end of Kabiguru.

About Interesting Facts About Rabindranath Tagore

He started writing poetry when he was only eight years old

• He despised the traditional education system and did not love studying under the conventional education.

He started the Renaissance movement in Bengal for the revolution of Indian literature and arts.

• He had a deep connection with world-renowned German scientist Albert Einstein and both praised each other after winning the Nobel Prize.

• Famous cinema director Satyajit Roy was particularly impressed with the literary activities of Rabindranath. The train scene, known in the movie “Path Panchali,” was inspired by an incident described in Kabirguru’s “Eye Sand.”

Rabindranath was also a great composer He wrote more than two thousand songs himself.

Awards and Achievements of Rabindranath

• In 1940, the University of Oxford awarded him the “Doctorate of Literature” in a special ceremony organized at Santiniketan.

• Gitanjali poetry, written by him abroad, gets special popularity He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913 for his excellence

In 1915, he has knighted by the then British Government But after the Jallianwalabagh massacre that took place in 1919, he renounced his title.

• An image of Rabindranath, painted in Paris and London in 1930

Rabindranath Tagore was the co-founder of the Dartington Hall School in Japan

• For the purpose of honoring the Indian Postal Department on 7th May 1961; The photo given by him reveals a postage stamp

Rabindranath Tagore image/readbiography.co/Photos were taken from Google
Rabindranath Tagore
Death of Rabindranath Tagore

For the last few years of his life, Rabindranath Tagore suffered a series of physical illnesses. The disease did not want to leave him at all. Twice he became so ill that he had to stay in bed for several days.

It is reported that in 1937, the poet once became unconscious and was in dire danger. Although he was recovering well at the time, he could not recover from his serious illness again in 1940.

Finally, on August 7, 1941, after a long illness, he breathed his last at his Jodasco residence. He was about 80 years old at the time of his death.

Rabindranath Tagore image/readbiography.co/Photos were taken from Google
Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore Quotes on Education

Quotes – 1

“The heart that is fearless, the high as the head,

Knowledge is free, that is, the wall of the house

Day in your courtyard

I do not put a small piece in the basement ”- Rabindranath Tagore

 Quotes – 2

“If no one comes to hear your call, come alone” – Rabindranath Tagore

 Quotes – 3

“To be condemned can be done from outside, but to judge is to enter in” – Rabindranath Tagore

 Quotes – 4

“Small is great, boundless is boundless, love is liberated Whenever I find the light of love; Then, wherever my eyes meet, I see no limit. ”- Rabindranath Tagore

 Quotes – 5

“Be it Shimul Wood or Bakul Wood, the look of fire is the same” – Rabindranath Tagore

 Quotes – 6

“Love is more jarring than talking about marriage” – Rabindranath Tagore

 Quotes – 7

“Doing nothing to stop sin” – Rabindranath Tagore

 Quotes – 8

“If mother can forgive, why love her?” – Rabindranath Tagore

 Quotes – 9

“The teachings of humanity are the ultimate education, and all are under it” – Rabindranath Tagore

 Quotes – 10

“Ever or in the light of the moon, sometimes on a spring ray, that triumphant extravagant mystical joy statue awakens” – Rabindranath Tagore

I hope you have learned many beautiful facts by reading “Rabindranath Tagore Biography in Bengali”. If you like this post, please comment below and let me know what you think Your valuable comments help me immensely to add extra inspiration

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